Input data

 Outside diameter of washer 

 mm

 Inside diameter of washer 

 mm

 Washer thickness 

 mm

 Elastic modulus of washer 

 MPa

 Poisson's ratio 



 Axial force 

 kN

 Bolt diameter 

 mm

 Bolt length 

 mm

 Elastic modulus of bolt 

 MPa


 



Results

 Spring washer stiffness 

 kN/mm

 Maximum stress in the washer 

 MPa


 Fictitious elastic modulus of bolt:

 one spring washer per bolt 

 MPa

 two spring washers per bolt 

 MPa
